Identify outcomes of familiar events involving chance and describe them using everyday language such as ‘will happen’, ‘won’t happen’ or ‘might happen’ (ACMSP024)

justifying that some events are certain or impossible

2

(ACMSP047)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Identify practical activities and everyday events that involve chance. Describe outcomes as ‘likely’ or ‘unlikely’ and identify some events as ‘certain’ or ‘impossible’ (ACMSP047)

classifying a list of everyday events according to how likely they are to happen, using the language of chance, and explaining reasoning

3

(ACMSP067)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Conduct chance experiments, identify and describe possible outcomes and recognise variation in results (ACMSP067)

conducting repeated trials of chance experiments such as tossing a coin or drawing a ball from a bag and identifying the variations between trials

4

(ACMSP094)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Identify events where the chance of one will not be affected by the occurrence of the other (ACMSP094)

explaining why the probability of a new baby being either a boy or a girl does not depend on the sex of the previous baby

4

(ACMSP093)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Identify everyday events where one cannot happen if the other happens (ACMSP093)

using examples such as weather, which cannot be dry and wet at the same time

4

(ACMSP092)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Describe possible everyday events and order their chances of occurring (ACMSP092)

using lists of events familiar to students and ordering them from ‘least likely’ to ‘most likely’ to occur

5

(ACMSP117)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Recognise that probabilities range from 0 to 1 (ACMSP117)

investigating the probabilities of all outcomes for a simple chance experiment and verifying that their sum equals 1

5

(ACMSP116)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

List outcomes of chance experiments involving equally likely outcomes and represent probabilities of those outcomes using fractions (ACMSP116)

commenting on the likelihood of winning simple games of chance by considering the number of possible outcomes and the consequent chance of winning in simple games of chance such as jan-ken-pon (rock-paper-scissors)

6

(ACMSP146)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Compare observed frequencies across experiments with expected frequencies (ACMSP146)

predicting likely outcomes from a run of chance events and distinguishing these from surprising results

6

(ACMSP145)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Conduct chance experiments with both small and large numbers of trials using appropriate digital technologies (ACMSP145)

conducting repeated trials of chance experiments, identifying the variation between trials and realising that the results tend to the prediction with larger numbers of trials

6

(ACMSP144)

Statistics and Probability

Chance (1-10)

Describe probabilities using fractions, decimals and percentages (ACMSP144)

investigating games of chance popular in different cultures and evaluating the relative benefits to the organisers and participants (for example Pachinko)

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