ENGLISH.jpgYEAR 4 ENGLISH





ENGLISH STRANDS
ENGLISH SUB-STRANDS
SUB-STRAND ELEMENT
ELABORATION
ENGLISH TYPE
GENERAL CAPABILITIES
CROSS-CURRICULA PRIORITIES
LANGUAGE
Language variation and change
Understand that Standard Australian English is one of many social dialects used in Australia, and that while it originated in England it has been influenced by many other languages (ACELA1487)
  • identifying words used in Standard Australian English that are derived from other languages, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, and determining if the original meaning is reflected in English usage, for example kangaroo, tsunami, typhoon, amok, orang-utan
  • identifying commonly used words derived from other cultures
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Intercultural understanding, Personal and social competence
Aboriginal Torres Straight Is history and culture, Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia
LANGUAGE
Language for interaction
Understand that social interactions influence the way people engage with ideas and respond to others for example when exploring and clarifying the ideas of others, summarising students' own views and reporting them to a larger group (ACELA1488)
  • recognising that we can use language differently with our friends and families, but that Standard Australian English is typically used in written school texts and more formal contexts
  • recognising that language is adjusted in different contexts, for example in degree of formality when moving between group discussions and presenting a group report
  • understanding how age, status, expertise and familiarity influence the ways in which we interact with people and how these codes and conventions vary across cultures
  • recognising the importance of using inclusive language
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Intercultural understanding, Personal and social competence

LANGUAGE
Language for interaction
Understand differences between the language of opinion and feeling and the language of factual reporting or recording (ACELA1489)
  • identifying ways thinking verbs are used to express opinion, for example ‘I think’, ‘I believe’, and ways summary verbs are used to report findings, for example ‘we concluded’
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Personal and social competence
Sustainability
LANGUAGE
Text structure and organisation
Understand how texts vary in complexity and technicality depending on the approach to the topic, the purpose and the intended audience (ACELA1490)
  • becoming familiar with the typical stages and language features of such text types as: simple narrative, procedure, simple persuasion texts and information reports
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Text structure and organisation
Understand how texts are made cohesive through the use of linking devices including pronoun reference and text connectives (ACELA1491)
  • knowing how authors construct texts that are cohesive and coherent through the use of: pronouns that link back to something previously mentioned; determiners (for example ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, ‘those’, ‘the’, ‘his’, ‘their’); text connectives that create links between sentences (for example ‘however’, ‘therefore’, ‘nevertheless’, ‘in addition’, ‘by contrast’, ‘in summary’)
  • identifying how a topic is described throughout a text by tracking noun groups and pronouns
  • describing how texts connectives link sections of a text providing sequences through time, for example ‘firstly’, ‘then’, ‘next’, and ‘finally’
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Text structure and organisation
Recognise how quotation marks are used in texts to signal dialogue, titles and reported speech (ACELA1492)
  • exploring texts to identify the use of quotation marks
  • experimenting with the use of quotation marks in students’ own writing
READING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Identify features of online texts that enhance readability including text, navigation, links, graphics and layout (ACELA1793)
  • •participating in online searches for information using navigation tools and discussing similarities and differences between print and digital information
READING
Literacy , Numeracy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Understand that the meaning of sentences can be enriched through the use of noun and verb groups and prepositional phrases (ACELA1493)
  • creating richer, more specific descriptions through the use of noun groups (for example in narrative texts, 'Their very old Siamese cat'; in reports, 'Its extremely high mountain ranges'
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Investigate how quoted (direct) and reported (indirect) speech work in different types of text (ACELA1494)
  • investigating examples of quoted (direct) speech (‘He said, “I’ll go to the park today”’) and reported (indirect) speech (‘He told me he was going to the park today’) and comparing similarities and differences
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Understand how adverbials (adverbs and prepositional phrases) work in different ways to provide circumstantial details about an activity (ACELA1495)
  • investigating in texts how adverbial phrases and clauses can add significance to an action, for example ‘more desperately’, ‘he rose quietly and gingerly moved’
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Explore the effect of choices when framing an image, placement of elements in the image, and salience on composition of still and moving images in a range of types of texts (ACELA1496)
  • examining visual and multimodal texts, building a vocabulary to describe visual elements and techniques such as framing, composition and visual point of view and beginning to understand how these choices impact on viewer response
READING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Incorporate new vocabulary from a range of sources into students’ own texts including vocabulary encountered in research (ACELA1498)
  • building etymological knowledge about word origins (for example 'thermometer') and building vocabulary from research about technical and subject specific topics
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Understand how to use strategies for spelling words, including spelling rules, knowledge of morphemic word families, spelling generalisations, and letter combinations including double letters (ACELA1779)
  • using phonological knowledge (for example long vowel patterns in multi-syllabic words); consonant clusters (for example 'straight', 'throat', 'screen', 'squawk')
  • using visual knowledge (for example diphthongs in more complex words and other ambiguous vowel sounds, as in 'oy', 'oi', 'ou', 'ow', 'ould', 'u', 'ough', 'au', 'aw'); silent beginning consonant patterns (for example 'gn' and 'kn')
  • applying generalisations, for example doubling (for example 'running'); 'e'-drop (for example 'hoping')

Literacy

LANGUAGE
Expressing and developing ideas
Recognise homophones and know how to use context to identify correct spelling (ACELA1780)
  • using meaning and context when spelling words (for example when differentiating between homophones such as ‘to’, ‘too’, ‘two’
WRITING
Literacy

LITERATURE
Literature and context
Make connections between the ways different authors may represent similar storylines, ideas and relationships (ACELT1602)
  • commenting on how authors have established setting and period in different cultures and times and the relevance of characters, actions and beliefs to their own time
  • comparing different authors’ treatment of similar themes and text patterns, for example comparing fables and allegories from different cultures and quest novels by different authors
WRITING
Literacy

LITERATURE
Responding to literature
Discuss literary experiences with others, sharing responses and expressing a point of view (ACELT1603)
  • sharing and discussing students’ own and others’ understanding of the effects of particular literary techniques on their appreciation of texts
  • drawing comparisons between multiple texts and students’ own experiences. Commenting orally, in written form and in digital reviews on aspects such as: 'Do I recognise this in my own world?'; 'How is this text similar to or different from other texts I’ve read?'; 'How common is it to human experience in the real world?'; 'What new ideas does it bring?'; ’How do they fit with what I believe?'
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Ethical behaviour , Intercultural understanding

LITERATURE
Responding to literature
Use metalanguage to describe the effects of ideas, text structures and language features of literary texts (ACELT1604)
  • examining the author’s description of a character’s appearance, behaviour and speech and noting how the character’s development is evident through his or her dialogue and changing relationships and the reactions of other characters to him or her
  • sharing views using appropriate metalanguage (for example ‘The use of the adjectives in describing the character really helps to create images for the reader’)
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LITERATURE
Examining literature
Discuss how authors and illustrators make stories exciting, moving and absorbing and hold readers’ interest by using various techniques, for example character development and plot tension (ACELT1605)
  • examining the author’s description of a character’s appearance, behaviour and speech and noting how the character’s development is evident through his or her dialogue and changing relationships and the reactions of other characters to him or her
  • identifying pivotal points in the plot where characters are faced with choices and commenting on how the author makes us care about their decisions and consequences
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LITERATURE
Examining literature
Understand, interpret and experiment with a range of devices and deliberate word play in poetry and other literary texts, for example nonsense words, spoonerisms, neologisms and puns (ACELT1606)
  • defining spoonerisms, neologisms and puns and exploring how they are used by authors to create a sense of freshness, originality and playfulness
  • discussing poetic language, including unusual adjectival use and how it engages us emotionally and brings to life the poet’s subject matter (for example ‘He grasps the crag with crooked hands’/wee timorous beastie)
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LITERATURE
Creating literature
Create literary texts that explore students’ own experiences and imagining (ACELT1607)
  • drawing upon literary texts students have encountered and experimenting with changing particular aspects, for example the time or place of the setting, adding characters or changing their personalities, or offering an alternative point of view on key ideas
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Personal and social competence

LITERATURE
Creating literature
Create literary texts by developing storylines, characters and settings (ACELT1794)
  • collaboratively plan, compose, sequence and prepare a literary text along a familiar storyline, using film, sound and images to convey setting, characters and points of drama in the plot
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Personal and social competence

LITERACY
Texts in context
Identify and explain language features of texts from earlier times and compare with the vocabulary, images, layout and content of contemporary texts (ACELY1686)
  • viewing documentaries and news footage from different periods, comparing the style of presentation, including costumes and iconography with contemporary texts on similar topics and tracking changing views on issues, for example war, race, gender
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Ethical behaviour , Literacy , Personal and social competence

LITERACY
Interacting with others
Interpret ideas and information in spoken texts and listen for key points in order to carry out tasks and use information to share and extend ideas and information (ACELY1687)
  • making notes about a task, asking questions to clarify or follow up information, and seeking assistance if required
  • discussing levels of language — slang, colloquial (everyday) and formal language — and how their appropriateness changes with the situation and audience. Presenting ideas and opinions at levels of formality appropriate to the context and audience
LISTENING, SPEAKING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LITERACY
Interacting with others
Use interaction skills such as acknowledging another’s point of view and linking students’ response to the topic, using familiar and new vocabulary and a range of vocal effects such as tone, pace, pitch and volume to speak clearly and coherently (ACELY1688)
  • participating in pair, group, class and school speaking and listening situations, including informal conversations, class discussions and presentations
  • developing appropriate speaking and listening behaviours including acknowledging and extending others’ contributions, presenting ideas and opinions clearly and coherently
  • choosing a variety of appropriate words and prepositional phrases, including descriptive words and some technical vocabulary, to communicate meaning accurately
  • exploring the effects of changing voice tone, volume, pitch and pace in formal and informal contexts
LISTENING, SPEAKING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Personal and social competence

LITERACY
Interacting with others
Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations incorporating learned content and taking into account the particular purposes and audiences (ACELY1689)
  • reporting on a topic in an organised manner, providing relevant facts and descriptive detail to enhance audience understanding, and beginning to refer to reliable sources to support claims
LISTENING, SPEAKING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Personal and social competence

LITERACY
Interpreting, analysing and evaluating
Identify characteristic features used in imaginative, informative and persuasive texts to meet the purpose of the text (ACELY1690)
  • describing the language which authors use to create imaginary worlds; how textual features such as headings, subheadings, bold type and graphic organisers are used to order and present information, and how visual codes are used, for example those used in advertising to represent children and families so that viewers identify with them
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LITERACY
Interpreting, analysing and evaluating
Read different types of texts by combining contextual , semantic, grammatical and phonic knowledge using text processing strategies for example monitoring meaning, cross checking and reviewing (ACELY1691)
  • reading new and different kinds of texts with the use of established word identification strategies, including knowledge of the topic and of text type together with self monitoring strategies; including rereading, self questioning and pausing, and including self correction strategies such confirming and cross-checking
  • reading aloud with fluency and expression
  • reading a wide range of different types of texts for pleasure
READING
Literacy

LITERACY
Interpreting, analysing and evaluating
Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning to expand content knowledge, integrating and linking ideas and analysing and evaluating texts (ACELY1692)
  • making connections between the text and students’ own experience and other texts
  • making connections between information in print and images
  • building and using prior knowledge and vocabulary
  • finding specific literal information
  • asking and answering questions
  • creating mental images
  • finding the main idea of a text
  • inferring meaning from the ways communication occurs in digital environments including the interplay between words, images, and sounds
  • bringing subject and technical vocabulary and concept knowledge to new reading tasks, selecting and using texts for their pertinence to the task and the accuracy of their information
LISTENING, READING, SPEAKING, WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , ICT, Literacy , Personal and social competence
Sustainability
LITERACY
Creating texts
Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts containing key information and supporting details for a widening range of audiences, demonstrating increasing control over text structures and language features (ACELY1694)
  • using research from print and digital resources to gather ideas, integrating information from a range of sources; selecting text structure and planning how to group ideas into paragraphs to sequence content, and choosing vocabulary to suit topic and communication purpose
  • using appropriate simple, compound and complex sentences to express and combine ideas
  • using grammatical features effectively including different types of verbs, adverbials and noun groups for lengthier descriptions
WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , ICT, Literacy
Sustainability
LITERACY
Creating texts
Reread and edit for meaning by adding, deleting or moving words or word groups to improve content and structure (ACELY1695)
  • revising written texts: editing for grammatical and spelling accuracy and clarity of the text, to improve the connection between ideas and the overall flow of the piece
WRITING
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

LITERACY
Creating texts
Write using clearly-formed joined letters, and develop increased fluency and automaticity (ACELY1696)
  • using handwriting fluency with speed for a wide range of tasks
WRITING


LITERACY
Creating texts
Use a range of software including word processing programs to construct, edit and publish written text, and select, edit and place visual, print and audio elements (ACELY1697)
  • identifying and selecting appropriate software programs for constructing text
WRITING
ICT