Science Understanding
Biological sciences
Living things have basic needs, including food and water (ACSSU002)
  • identifying the needs of humans such as warmth, food and water, using students’ own experiences
  • recognising the needs of living things in a range of situations such as pets at home, plants in the garden or plants and animals in bushland
  • comparing the needs of plants and animals
Critical and creative thinking
Chemical sciences
Objects are made of materials that have observable properties (ACSSU003)
  • sorting and grouping materials on the basis of observable properties such as colour, texture and flexibility
  • thinking about how the materials used in buildings and shelters are suited to the local environment
  • investigating different forms of clothing used for different activities
  • comparing the traditional materials used for clothing from around the world

Earth and space sciences
Daily and seasonal changes in our environment, including the weather, affect everyday life (ACSSU004)

  • linking the changes in the daily weather to the way we modify our behaviour and dress for different conditions, including examples from different cultures
  • investigating how changes in the weather might affect animals such as pets, animals that hibernate, or migratory animals
  • learning how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander concepts of time and weather patterns explain how things happen in the world around them
Intercultural understanding, Personal and social competence
Aboriginal Torres Straight Is history and culture, Sustainability
Physical sciences
The way objects move depends on a variety of factors, including their size and shape (ACSSU005)
  • observing the way different shaped objects such as balls, blocks and tubes move
  • comparing the way different sized, but similar shaped, objects such as tennis balls, golf balls, marbles and basketballs roll and bounce
  • observing how the movement of different living things depends on their size and shape
Critical and creative thinking

Science as a Human Endeavour
Nature and development of science
Science involves exploring and observing the world using the senses (ACSHE013)
  • recognising that observation is an important part of exploring and investigating the things and places around us
  • sharing observations with others and communicating their experiences
  • exploring and observing using hearing, smell, touch, seeing and taste
Critical and creative thinking , Personal and social competence

Science Inquiry Skills
Questioning and predicting
Respond to questions about familiar objects and events (ACSIS014)
  • considering questions relating to the home and school and objects used in everyday life
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Personal and social competence

Planning and conducting
Explore and make observations by using the senses (ACSIS011)
  • using sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell so that students can gather information about the world around them

Processing and analysing data and information
Engage in discussions about observations and use methods such as drawing to represent ideas (ACSIS233)
  • taking part in informal and guided discussions relating to students ‘observations
  • using drawings to represent observations and ideas and discussing their representations with others
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Personal and social competence

Share observations and ideas (ACSIS012)
  • working in groups to describe what students have done and what they have found out
  • communicating ideas through role play and drawing
Literacy , Personal and social competence