Science Understanding
Biological sciences
Living things grow, change and have offspring similar to themselves (ACSSU030)
  • representing personal growth and changes from birth
  • recognising that living things have predictable characteristics at different stages of development
  • exploring different characteristics of life stages in animals such as egg, caterpillar and butterfly
  • observing that all animals have offspring, usually with two parents
Critical and creative thinking

Chemical sciences
Different materials can be combined, including by mixing, for a particular purpose (ACSSU031)
  • exploring the local environment to observe a variety of materials, and describing ways in which materials are used
  • investigating the effects of mixing materials together suggesting why different parts of everyday objects such as toys and clothes are made from different materials
  • identifying materials such as paper that can be changed and remade or recycled into new products
Critical and creative thinking
Earth and space sciences
Earth’s resources, including water, are used in a variety of ways (ACSSU032)
  • identifying the Earth’s resources including water, soil and minerals, and describing how they are used in the school
  • describing how a resource such as water is transferred from its source to its point of use
  • considering what might happen to humans if there were a
  • change in a familiar available resource, such as water
  • identifying actions at school such as turning off dripping taps, that can conserve resources
Critical and creative thinking , Ethical behaviour
Physical sciences
A push or a pull affects how an object moves or changes shape (ACSSU033)
  • exploring ways that objects move on land, through water and in the air
  • exploring how different strengths of pushes and pulls affect the movement of objects
  • identifying toys from different cultures that use the forces of push or pull
  • considering the effects of objects being pulled towards the Earth
Critical and creative thinking

Science as a Human Endeavour
Nature and development of science
Science involves asking questions about, and describing changes in, objects and events (ACSHE034)
  • describing everyday events and experiences and changes in our environment using knowledge of science
  • suggesting how everyday items work, using knowledge of forces or materials
  • identifying and describing sources of water
Use and influence of science
People use science in their daily lives, including when caring for their environment and living things (ACSHE035)
  • monitoring information about the environment and Earth’s resources, such as rainfall, water levels and temperature
  • finding out about how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people use science to meet their needs, including food supply
  • exploring how different cultures have made inks, pigments and paints by mixing materials
  • identifying the ways humans manage and protect resources, such as reducing waste and caring for water supplies
  • recognising that many living things rely on resources that may be threatened, and that science understanding can contribute to the preservation of such resources
Ethical behaviour , Intercultural understanding, Personal and social competence
Aboriginal Torres Straight Is history and culture, Sustainability
Science Inquiry Skills
Questioning and predicting
Respond to and pose questions, and make predictions about familiar objects and events (ACSIS037)
  • using the senses to explore the local environment to pose interesting questions, make inferences and predictions
  • thinking about ‘What will happen if...?’ type questions about everyday objects and events
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

Planning and conducting
Participate in different types of guided investigations to explore and answer questions, such as manipulating materials, testing ideas, and accessing information sources (ACSIS038)
  • manipulating objects and materials and making observations of the results
  • researching with the use of simple information sources
  • sorting objects and events based on easily identified characteristics
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Numeracy

Use informal measurements in the collection and recording of observations, with the assistance of digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS039)
  • using units that are familiar to students from home and school, such as cups (cooking), hand spans (length) and walking paces (distance)
ICT, Numeracy

Processing and analysing data and information
Use a range of methods to sort information, including drawings and provided tables (ACSIS040)
  • using simple column graphs (bar graphs) with guidance from the teacher to record gathered information
  • using matching activities, including identifying similar things, odd-one-out and opposites
Literacy , Numeracy

Through discussion, compare observations with predictions (ACSIS214)
  • Through discussion, compare observations with predictions (ACSIS214)
  • Elaborations comparing and discussing, with guidance, whether observations were expected
Critical and creative thinking , Numeracy , Personal and social competence

Compare observations with those of others (ACSIS041)
  • discussing observations with other students to see similarities and differences in results
Critical and creative thinking , Personal and social competence

Represent and communicate observations and ideas in a variety of ways such as oral and written language, drawing and role play (ACSIS042)
  • presenting ideas to other students, both one-to-one and in small groups
  • discussing with others what was discovered from an investigation
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Personal and social competence