Science Understanding
Biological sciences
Living things can be grouped on the basis of observable features and can be distinguished from non-living things (ACSSU044)
  • recognising characteristics of living things such as growing, moving, sensitivity and reproducing
  • recognising the range of different living things sorting living and non-living things based on characteristics
  • exploring differences between living, once living and products of living things
Critical and creative thinking

Chemical sciences
A change of state between solid and liquid can be caused by adding or removing heat (ACSSU046)
  • investigating how liquids and solids respond to changes in temperature, for example water changing to ice, or melting chocolate
  • exploring how changes from solid to liquid and liquid to solid can help us recycle materials
  • predicting the effect of heat on different materials
Critical and creative thinking
Earth and space sciences
Earth’s rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day (ACSSU048)
  • recognising the sun as a source of light constructing sundials and investigating how they work
  • describing timescales for the rotation of the Earth
  • modelling the relative sizes and movement of the sun, Earth and moon

Physical sciences
Heat can be produced in many ways and can move from one object to another (ACSSU049)
  • describing how heat can be produced such as through friction or motion, electricity or chemically (burning)
  • identifying changes that occur in everyday situations due to heating and cooling
  • exploring how heat can be transferred through conduction
  • recognising that we can feel heat and measure its effects using a thermometer
Critical and creative thinking

Science as a Human Endeavour
Nature and development of science
Science involves making predictions and describing patterns and relationships (ACSHE050)
  • making predictions about change and events in our environment
  • researching how knowledge of astronomy has been used by some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • considering how posing questions helps us plan for the future
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy
Aboriginal Torres Straight Is history and culture, Sustainability
Use and influence of science
Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions (ACSHE051)
  • considering how heating affects materials used in everyday life
  • investigating how science helps people such as nurses, doctors, dentists, mechanics and gardeners
  • considering how materials including solids and liquids affect the environment in different ways deciding what characteristics make a material a pollutant
  • researching Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s knowledge of the local natural environment, such as the characteristics of plants and animals
Ethical behaviour , Personal and social competence
Aboriginal Torres Straight Is history and culture, Sustainability
Science Inquiry Skills
Questioning and predicting
With guidance, identify questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically and predict what might happen based on prior knowledge (ACSIS053)
  • choosing questions to investigate from a list of possibilities provided by the teacher
  • considering familiar situations in order to think of possible areas for investigation
  • working in groups to discuss things that might happen during an investigation
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

Planning and conducting
Suggest ways to plan and conduct investigations to find answers to questions (ACSIS054)
  • working in groups, with teacher guidance, to test simple cause-and-effect relationships
  • carrying out class surveys to identify trends and patterns in data
ICT, Literacy

Safely use appropriate materials, tools or equipment to make and record observations, using formal measurements and digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS055)
  • considering safety rules for equipment used
  • recording measurements using familiar formal units and appropriate abbreviations, such as seconds (s), grams (g), centimetres (cm)
  • using a digital camera to record observations
Ethical behaviour , Numeracy

Processing and analysing data and information
Use a range of methods including tables and simple column graphs to represent data and to identify patterns and trends (ACSIS057)
  • using tables to organise materials and objects based on observable properties
  • identifying and discussing numerical and visual patterns in data collected from students' own investigations and from secondary sources
Critical and creative thinking , ICT, Numeracy

Compare results with predictions, suggesting possible reasons for findings (ACSIS215)
  • discussing how well predictions matched results from an investigation and sharing ideas about what was learnt
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Numeracy

Reflect on the investigation, including whether a test was fair or not (ACSIS058)
  • describing experiences of carrying out investigations to the teacher, small group or whole class
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

Represent and communicate ideas and findings in a variety of ways such as diagrams, physical representations and simple reports (ACSIS060)
  • Communicating with other students carrying out similar investigations to share experiences and improve investigation skills
  • using simple explanations and arguments, reports or graphical representations to communicate ideas to other students