Science Understanding
Biological sciences
Living things have life cycles (ACSSU072)
  • making and recording observations of living things as they develop through their life cycles
  • describing the stages of life cycles of different living things such as insects, birds, frogs and flowering plants
  • comparing life cycles of animals and plants
  • recognising that environmental factors can affect life cycles such as fire and seed germination
Critical and creative thinking
Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive (ACSSU073)
  • investigating how plants provide shelter for animals
  • investigating the roles of living things in a habitat, for instance producers, consumers or decomposers
  • observing and describing predator-prey relationships
  • predicting the effects when living things in feeding relationships are removed or die out in an area
  • recognising that interactions between living things may be competitive or mutually beneficial
Critical and creative thinking
Chemical sciences
Natural and processed materials have a range of physical properties; These properties can influence their use (ACSSU074)
  • describing a range of common materials, such as metals or plastics, and their uses
  • investigating a particular property across a range of materials
  • selecting materials for uses based on their properties
  • considering how the properties of materials affect the management of waste or can lead to pollution

Earth and space sciences
Earth’s surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity (ACSSU075)
  • collecting evidence of change from local landforms, rocks or fossils
  • exploring a local area that has changed as a result of natural processes, such as an eroded gully, sand dunes or river banks
  • investigating the characteristics of soils
  • considering how different human activities cause erosion of the Earth’s surface
  • considering the effect of events such as floods and extreme weather on the landscape, both in Australia and in the Asia region
Critical and creative thinking , Ethical behaviour
Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia
Physical sciences
Forces can be exerted by one object on another through direct contact or from a distance (ACSSU076)
  • investigating the effect of forces on the behaviour of an object through actions such as throwing, dropping, bouncing and rolling
  • comparing the effect of friction between different surfaces, such as tyres and shoes on a range of surfaces
  • investigating the forces of attraction and repulsion between magnets
  • observing qualitatively how speed is affected by the size of a force

Science as a Human Endeavour
Nature and development of science
Science involves making predictions and describing patterns and relationships (ACSHE061)
  • exploring ways in which scientists gather evidence for their ideas and develop explanations
  • considering how scientific practices such as sorting, classification and estimation are used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in everyday life
Critical and creative thinking
Aboriginal Torres Straight Is history and culture
Use and influence of science
Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions (ACSHE062)
  • investigating how a range of people, such as clothing designers, builders or engineers use science to select appropriate materials for their work
  • considering methods of waste management and how they can affect the environment
  • exploring how science has contributed to a discussion about an issue such as loss of habitat for living things or how human activity has changed the local environment
  • considering how to minimise the effects of erosion caused by human activity
Ethical behaviour
Science Inquiry Skills
Questioning and predicting
With guidance, identify questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically and predict what might happen based on prior knowledge (ACSIS064)

  • choosing questions to investigate from a list of possibilities provided by the teacher
  • considering familiar situations in order to think of possible areas for investigation
  • working in groups to discuss things that might happen during an investigation
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

Planning and conducting
Suggest ways to plan and conduct investigations to find answers to questions (ACSIS065)
  • working in groups, with teacher guidance, to test simple cause-and-effect relationships
  • carrying out class surveys to identify trends and patterns in data
Ethical behaviour , Literacy , Numeracy

Safely use appropriate materials, tools or equipment to make and record observations, using formal measurements and digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS066)
  • considering safety rules for equipment used recording measurements using familiar formal units and
  • appropriate abbreviations, such as seconds (s), grams (g), centimetres (cm)
  • using a digital camera to record observations
Ethical behaviour , ICT, Numeracy

Processing and analysing data and information
Use a range of methods including tables and simple column graphs to represent data and to identify patterns and trends (ACSIS068)
  • using tables to organise materials and objects based on observable properties
  • identifying and discussing numerical and visual patterns in data collected from students' own investigations and from other sources
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Numeracy

Compare results with predictions, suggesting possible reasons for findings (ACSIS216)
  • discussing how well predictions matched results from an investigation and sharing ideas about what was learnt
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy , Numeracy

Reflect on the investigation; including whether a test was fair or not (ACSIS069)
  • describing experiences of carrying out investigations to the teacher, small group or whole class
Critical and creative thinking , Literacy

Represent and communicate ideas and findings in a variety of ways such as diagrams, physical representations and simple reports (ACSIS071)
  • communicating with other students carrying out similar investigations to share experiences and improve investigation skills
  • using simple explanations and arguments, reports or graphical representations to communicate ideas to other students
Literacy , Numeracy